What is Verbal Analogy?
In an analogy exercise, the candidate needs to identify the relationship between the question pair and then choose the right pair from the options that resembles the question pair. Simply put, analogy can be the resemblance of one object to another in certain aspects.
It is important to understand how analogy relation works. The following representation will give you a clear picture of how to understand an analogical relationship.
Basic Relation: The basic relation is formed and works in the following way:
Take for example ABCD, based on the basic relation principle, A is connected to B and C is connected to D.
Advanced Relation: The basic relation is formed and works in the following way:
Take for example ABCD, based on the advanced relation principle, A is connected to C and B is connected to D.
Now, let us take an example,
Professor is a person who teaches in the college. It means he is associated or works in the college. Similarly, a priest is a person who performs religious duties in the church. Thus, the relationship here is in terms of worker and workplace.
Analogous relationship can have various types and let us see a few of them with examples:
1. Synonymous Relationship
When the pair of words convey a similar meaning, we call the relationship synonymous in nature.
- Abduct : Kidnap
- Kind : Benevolent
- Ban : Prohibition
- Enormous : Huge
2. Antonymous Relationship
When the word pairs convey an opposite meaning, we call the relationship antonymous in nature.
- Meet : Avoid
- Expand : Condense
- Create : Destroy
- Kindle : Extinguish
3. Individual and Group Relationship
When an individual word is taken in a collective sense, the individual and group relationship is formed.
- People : Crowd
- Sheep : Flock
- Flowers : Bouquet
- Countries : League
4. Worker and Tool Relationship
When one word of the pair refers to the working professional and the next word refers to the tool or device they use for their work, the worker and tool relationship is formed.
- Farmer : Plough
- Tailor : Needle
- Woodcutter : Axe
- Carpenter : Saw
5. Product and Raw Material Relationship
When one word refers to the raw material and the other word refers to the product that is created using the raw material, we have a product and raw material relationship.
- Paper : Pulp
- Jewellery : Gold
- Furniture : Wood
- Oil : Seed
6. Part and Whole Relationship
When one word of the given pair represents a part of the object in the other word, we get a part and whole relationship.
- Fan : Blade
- Book : Chapter
- Class : Student
- House : Room
7. Male and Female Relationship
When the two words in a pair refer to the male and female genders, the male and female relationship is formed.
- Lion : Lioness
- Brother : Sister
- Bull : Cow
- Dog : Bitch
8. Quantity and Unit Relationship
When one word of the pair refers to the quantity and the other word in the pair refers to the unit through which the quantity is established, we get the quantity and unit relationship.
- Temperature : Degree
- Current : Ampere
- Energy : Joule
- Time : Seconds
9. State and Capital Relationship
When one word of the given pair refers to the state and the other word in the pair refers to the capital of the state, the state and capital relationship is formed.
- Tamil Nadu : Chennai
- Bihar : Patna
- Rajasthan : Jaipur
- Meghalaya : Shillong
10. Sign and Symbol Relationship
When one word of the given pair refers to a sign and in turn symbolises another word of the pair, we can call it a sign and symbol relationship.
- Black Flag : Protest
- Red : Danger
- Dove : Peace
- Wheel : Progress
Therefore, we have to understand that like the above examples, a number of relationship can be formed in Verbal analogy topic. Now that you have a clear idea on how analogous relationship is formed, let us test your skills.
Take the following two quizzes and locate your skills on Verbal Analogy: